Globalized Education in Achieving the Post-2015 Development Agenda

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have unquestionably been highly successful in bolstering governments’ commitment to poverty reduction, achieving basic education and health, promoting gender equality and environmental sustainability, and bridging the gaps in human development. In spite of these progresses, globalized education is still a requisite and the primary tool in achieving the Post-2015 Global Development Agenda – the continuation of effort to achieve prosperity, equity, freedom, dignity, peace and respect in a world of cultural and linguistic diversity after 2015.

The complexity of today’s globalized world has made development challenges interlinked. Peace cannot be achieved and prosperity cannot be sustained without finding unified, common and general solutions and without all nations contributing unanimously and with a sense of shared responsibility. The Millennium Development Goals which will be succeeded by the Post-2015 Development Agenda at the end of 2015 (United Nation’s 70th Anniversary) has framed sustainable development as a universal project. The post-2015 development agenda includes issues that are of common concern to all and pose challenges at national levels. Moreover, they define objectives to be achieved at the global level.

Before we delve deeper into the role of globalized education in achieving the post-2015 agenda, it will be apposite to have a proper understanding of the concepts that underpin the subject. Suffice it to say that education is both essential and indispensable for sustainable development. Globalized education fuels sustainable development as nations seek to transform their visions for the world into reality.

“Globalization,” as observed by Chang, “is the integration of national economies, culture, social life, technology, education and politics. It is the movement of people, ideas and technology from place to place.” Globalization affects all facets of life universally, scientifically, and technologically. Its effects are felt in world’s culture, economy, environmental, social and human disciplines. In its broadest sense, globalization refers to intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa.

Education has been recognized as a fundamental human right for more than half a century now. It is the endless process of bringing up people to know themselves, their environment, and how they can use their abilities and talents to contribute in the development of their society. Education improves the mind of the student for ethical conduct, good governance, liberty, life and rebirth of the society the student finds himself. Education, as an agent of change, empowers its recipient to be creative. It is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training and research. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational.

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Education in Ghana and Vietnam

Ghana and Vietnam are both classified by the World Bank as lower middle-income countries with similar levels of Gross National Income (GNI) per capita but they are very different in many respects. One area in which the contrast in cultures is most pronounced is in the field of education, Ghana having derived an essentially western system from its British colonial past while Vietnamese education has more in common with China. They share one factor in common, however, and that is insufficient resources to satisfy the aspirations of the majority of the people.

Both countries place much emphasis on the teaching of English. According to the Institute of Linguistics in Accra, Ghana has about sixty vernacular tongues and so has adopted English as the official national language. All teaching in schools is conducted in English but most Ghanaians have a vernacular mother tongue and English is for them a second language. Vietnam has an almost universally spoken national language that is used for conducting all business and administration in the country, and its interest in English is to communicate with the world community. As in Ghana, English is a second language, but as it is used only to converse with foreigners, it is spoken fluently by only a minority of adults who need English for this purpose.

Progress in education in both countries depends very much on the wealth and social standing of the parents. In Ghana, academic advancement usually involves direct inducements to teachers to progress students through their examinations, but in Vietnam the process is more subtle. Teachers persuade parents that additional out-of-school lessons are essential and charge high fees for providing them. This system, although equally unfair to the children of poor families, at least has the advantage of ensuring that those students who pass their examinations have actually received extra instruction and are more likely to possess the necessary knowledge to benefit from further education.

The Chinese system of education is renowned for preparing students to pass examinations and Asian children regularly score highest in international academic competitions. Vietnamese students perform as well as their Chinese counterparts. In schools in England, it is well known that Chinese and Vietnamese, as well as Indian, children achieve the highest grades, followed by Europeans, and with children of African origin lagging behind.

Ghanaian children have the same relaxed attitude to education as their parents have to work. They are not subjected to the long hours of extra study that are endured by the children of more affluent parents in Vietnam. It was once said that childhood is the happiest time of one’s life. This can still be true for children in Ghana, but in Vietnam, at least among the families of the aspirational middle class, childhood has become a time of stress and anxiety. Parents are aware of this but feel compelled to push their children through the system that exists and cannot be changed. They may be consoled by the realisation that no country has yet devised a completely fair and efficient education system that prepares all citizens painlessly for their chosen role in adult life.

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Why Should We Continue Education

Education is one the important thing that people should have in their life. But unfortunately not all the people can finish their education while there are attend the schools or college. But in this time most of the people with a good education are very lucky in their life because they can have a better life than others. Here is some reason why we should continue for education.

1. There are lots of people who have not been able to finish their degree or graduation. This is the first reason why some of people want to continue their education. They are a lot of problem that not allowed them to finish their education. Maybe while there are in the schools or college they can not continue their education because they have not enough money to finish their education, etc.

2. It enriches your standard of living. By a good education we can have a big chance to get a good job with a good salary. Or we can work in a comfort environment job and avoid a stress.

3. It ensures people to compete with others in a better way in this competitive society. Most people with a good education have a better attitude while there are competed each other. Their will use their knowledge and skill to reach their dream and still focus to their target.

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Montessori Education

Choosing an education system or a method for your child is something only you can do and Montessori education is one of the major options you have. This educational approach was developed by Maria Montessori an Italian educator and physician and it emphasizes more on freedom, independence and respect for the social, physical and psychological development of the child. This education system is becoming very popular across the globe probably because of the many advantages it has over other educational approaches.

1. The education focuses on the developmental stages of the children falling in the age group of 3 and 5 to hone language skills, motor skills and completion of important daily activities such as arts and crafts, cooking and dressing among others. It is therefore one of the best systems you can choose for your preschooler to instill a degree of independence and confidence in them.

2. It encourages cooperative play so they get a chance to explore the different learning stations within the classroom. It therefore puts them in the best position to work together, respect each other and build on the sense of community which is very important even in later life.

3. Preschoolers who get this educational approach have the advantage of enjoying learning that is child centered. It means that they will be handled depending on their specific abilities and needs so they get to learn and explore at a pace that suits them best. Every child is given an equal chance to develop at their own pace; hence no one is left out at the end of the day.

4. This system helps children learn self-discipline in the most natural way possible. They work alongside each other and follow rules refining different skills, including self-control, motivation and concentration. It is also a system of education that teaches order which is very important in bringing up responsible children.

5. Montessori education also inspires creativity in the children because they work under their own terms where creativity is highly encouraged. They tend to focus more on the process than the end result of the activities they get involved in and this broadens the thinking on how to address the concept in the best ways possible.

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Technology in Education

In the current age we live in, technology has become an important component. Every day there is some new gadget or software that makes lives easier and improves on the technology and software that already exists. Making lives easier is not, however, the only role technology plays in our lives.

Technology is playing an increasing role in education. As technology advances, it is used to benefit students of all ages in the learning process.

Technology used in the classroom helps students adsorb the material. For example, since some people are visual learners, projection screens linked to computers can allow students to see their notes instead of simply listening to a teacher deliver a lecture.

Software can be used to supplement class curriculum. The programs provide study questions, activities, and even tests and quizzes for a class that can help students continue learning outside the classroom.

Technology has also become part of many curriculums, even outside of computer and technology classes. Students use computers to create presentations and use the Internet to research topics for papers and essays.

Students also learn to use the technology available to them in computer and tech classes. This ensures that after graduation they will be able to use the technology in a work setting, which may put them ahead of someone who didn’t have access to a particular technology or software in their own school setting.

As technology advances, students have better access to educational opportunities like these. When something new and “better” is revealed, the “older” technology becomes more affordable, allowing it to be used in educational settings, even when schools are on a tight budget.

Technology has also advanced to help children even before they’ve started school. Educational video games and systems for young children helps them prepare for school and in some cases get a head start on their education.

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